Women and Heart Disease

Cardio Vascular Disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States, and it is commonly believed to be a male problem. However, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality among women in the United States and globally. In 2017, 299,578 women died as a result of heart disease, accounting for almost one in every five female fatalities.

Although women appear to have an advantage over men due to the delayed beginning of their CVD, the male deficit in CVD is something of an illusion because women catch up in broad terms during their lifespan. In this post, we will look at the key differences in heart diseases between men and women.

 

Risk factors

 

 

 

Female Risk Factors

Complicated pregnancies and conditions associated to the female reproductive cycle make women more vulnerable to heart disease. It has found that the following can increase the risk of CVD in women:

Amongst those who gave birth:

 

Estrogen and heart disease in woman

 

Menopause and female heart disease

 

 

 

 

Signs and symptoms

 

 

 

 

 

Prognosis of heart disease in women

 Despite the fact that women acquire heart disease 10 years later than men, they are more likely to suffer from a heart attack. The following factors contribute to the worse outcomes:

  1. The failure to identify heart attack symptoms.

 

 

  1. Increased age:

 

 

 

Management

Women are less likely than males to receive tertiary care treatments such as cardiac catheterization, angioplasty, thrombolytic therapy, and bypass surgery; to engage in cardiac rehabilitation; and to return to full-time employment following a myocardial infarction. Therefore, this will contribute to variations in risk factors in secondary prevention.

 

 

This term refers to people who have angina symptoms and show abnormalities on stress tests while having normal coronary arteries on angiography. Women have a well-documented predisposition for developing microvascular angina. The primary goal of therapy is to manage symptoms using calcium-channel blockers and oral nitrates.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prevention

The key to heart disease prevention is:

 

Conclusions

CVD isn't only a "man's disease." It is, without a doubt, the most serious illness killing women worldwide. Despite this, its significance in women is underestimated. As a result, a wider women's health agenda is required, one that integrates sexual and reproductive health with cardiovascular disease and other no communicable illnesses.

 

 

References

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1808501/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/14631515/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23047015/

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11140544/

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